The Centre’s vision is to facilitate cutting-edge research in transportation, logistics and allied areas, and thereby contribute to scholarship, practice, and policymaking in India and abroad.
Leveraging technology for improving urban and regional mobility
This theme focuses on examining emerging technologies such intelligent route guidance systems, dynamic road pricing, smart parking, integrated transit fare systems, app-based shared transportation services, high-speed rail, etc., and their potential for improving passenger mobility and accessibility within and between cities. The impact of connected and autonomous vehicles in increasing safety and capacity utilization, enhancing system reliability, influencing travel behaviour, and altering location choices of households and firms will be analyzed. Innovative ways of collecting and applying big data in transportation for evidence-based planning and improved real-time operations of multi-modal systems will be explored. The role of government and public policy for better leveraging technology will be considered.
Reducing environmental impacts and enhancing resilience of transportation systems
This theme focuses on exploring ways to reduce environmental impacts of transportation while meeting or improving mobility. Research areas include: a) ways to reduce carbon footprint of transport infrastructure (e.g., roads, airports, ports, public transit systems, etc.) construction, maintenance, and operation; b) new fuel and vehicle technologies across modes, including plug-in hybrids and battery electric vehicles, that significantly reduce lifecycle emissions, and c) government actions, including pricing policies as well as mandates or restrictions, to promote supply and demand of low-carbon transportation systems. Research analyzing and suggesting improvements to the multi-modal transportation system’s preparedness for short-notice (e.g., earthquake, terrorist attack, etc.) or planned (e.g., cyclone, virus outbreak, etc.) evacuation or system management at various geographic scales, and research exploring ways to develop systems that are resilient (with respect to damages and disruptions) to both short-notice events and long-term climatic changes will be covered under this theme.
Promoting sustainable and safe urban transportation
This theme focuses on research involving strategies to promote shared (e.g., public transit, car- and ride-sharing arrangements, etc.), non-motorized/active (i.e., walking and bicycling), and low-carbon (e.g., electric vehicles) transportation in India’s megacities and high-growth regions. Strategies can range from private sector initiatives/innovations in the provision and management of sustainable transportation modes and systems, to government policies (i.e., land use planning, supply-side investments, and demand management initiatives) to influence activity-travel decisions. Methods can span across disciplines, from travel behaviour analysis using revealed preference or stated-choice surveys, to experimental approaches of evaluating the impacts of specific interventions. Issues of equitable access to jobs and other urban amenities, particularly for the transportation disadvantaged, will be addressed. Research exploring ways to make urban travel safer will also be covered under this theme. This theme is aligned with global initiatives including India’s policy priority of promoting sustainable urban development, and the creation of healthy and livable cities.
Optimizing logistics networks
This theme covers research for identifying optimal locations of facilities within a network and allocating the customer orders to each location, which is an important decision area for all retailers including e-commerce players. For last mile delivery, optimal vehicle routing and minimizing customer misses are key to business profitability. Also, during disruptions, the optimal order fulfilment policies such as the choice of the warehouse location for fulfilling a customer order with due date constraints is critical. With the recent growth in electric vehicles, designing and optimizing the charging networks for transportation is another potential research area. Other areas of optimization include identifying optimal transportation mode, route, and time choices. The methods used in optimizing networks include integer programs, queuing theory, game theory, and simulation.
Managing terminal and warehouse operations
Managing the performance of logistics facilities such as warehouses or container terminals is critical for achieving high customer service levels. Many facilities are robotized today, and we expect more warehouses will be robotized in the future. Likewise, container terminals are undergoing automation. Performance analysis of such facilities using analytical and simulation models is a key step in the design conceptualization process. While traditional optimization and simulation methods are used to analyze decision problems in container terminals such as quay crane assignment problem, berth allocation problem, yard crane assignment problem, analytical models are also useful for long-term technology investment decisions in the terminals. Also, applications of IoT is intra-logistics will be investigated. Related research will be covered under this theme.
Sustainable urban freight and last-mile connectivity
This theme will cover research aimed at improving efficiency and reducing the negative environmental impacts of freight activity within cities. Strategies involving technological (e.g., low-carbon or non-motorized vehicles), land use based (e.g., urban consolidation centres), analytics (e.g., optimized routing), and policy (e.g., taxes or restrictions) interventions will be evaluated. Research under this theme is significant given changes in consumer demand and preferences and concurrent innovations in logistics and supply chains.
Improving eco-efficiency and safety of goods transportation
In India, commercial vehicles are a dominant source of CO2 emissions. Old vehicles are not only adding to the emissions but are also causing driver attrition. While the government is implementing vehicle scrappage policies to eliminate polluting vehicles (with age of more than 15 years) from the road, the implications of the scrappage policies on vehicle demand estimation, overall CO2 emissions, and driver productivity and safety are still unknown. Moreover, electric vehicles will play a significant role to cut emissions in goods transport. Further, the location of the charging stations can also affect vehicle travel route choices. This centre would conduct research on policies to improve driver safety, productivity, and retention. A project that that attempts to link driving behaviour with fuel efficiency and road safety has already been initiated.
This study investigates the impacts of land transitions on local urban flooding under various climate change scenarios across 42 cities in India, by performing an empirical study, for future projections under climate change and urban development scenarios up to 2050.
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate that, land transitions induced by urban development, negatively affect urban hydrology, resulting in increased flooding risks. The pattern of rainfall changes due to climate change in the present time increases flood risks in cities. This study mainly focused on the role of land-use changes, in determining the occurrence of urban flooding events. The study highlights the need for Indian cities to undertake integrated spatial planning measures for a robust and sustainable urban future.
Some of the common environmental problems like air pollution, waste management, polluted water bodies, impacts on biodiversity, habitat fragmentation, and pressure on the urban and resources, must be resolved by the cities at the highest priority. With the rapid urbanization of the cities, emission of greenhouse gas also is increasing in an increasing rate. The authors throw light on the fact that unplanned urbanization (mal-development) could worsen the impacts of environmental change and climate change.
The authors are of the view that small cities have a scope of learning from the mistakes of big cities, which face a lot of setback due to unplanned growth, rapid urbanizations and induced land-use transitions. Cities that aim to achieve a substantially greater share of green and blue spaces must do the following while extending the city limits. They should impose tighter rules on zoning and development control, include and reinforce water flows, drains, and connections along with a revival of green and blue spaces. These acts should be supplemented by conservation measures from the State and Central Government.
In this study, the role of brown, green and blue infrastructure in adapting urban areas to climate change is explained by increasing their resistance to heavy rainfalls that lead to flash floods.
The goal is to ensure that, by zoning policies, a significant proportion of non-built-up spaces are mandated in new areas that are emerging with the growth of the cities. Planning and building green belts across the cities is another choice concerning the sustainable development scenario. The cities could also stagnate their spatial spread of constructed areas that would result in dense, compact vertical growth. Besides, sufficient stormwater infrastructure, restoration and strengthening of existing green and blue spaces should be undertaken within the dense core city areas.
The study shows that these cities would experience devastating consequences due to flood if they do not use their land sustainably. Preservation of brown, green and blue land uses act as a sponge, and as these spaces decrease, the chances of an event of flood increases. Incidences of flooding influence the quality of life of infrastructure and residents and directly affect the economic production and investment climate in a region. This study highlights that to foster resilient, sustainable urban growth, Indian cities must pursue integrated spatial planning steps.
Gupta, D., Ghersi, F., Vishwanathan, S. S., & Garg, A.
This paper mainly focuses on the fact that although India is a rapidly growing economy, there are many challenges that India has to face, including meeting the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDG’s). With coal supplying nearly three-quarters of Indian energy needs, achieving such goals would have large effects on economic activity. India's GDP has risen at an annual rate of 7 per cent to 8 per cent since economic liberalisation in 1991. A part of this development stems from systemic changes that saw the Indian economy move from agriculture to services and industry which contributed 53% and 31% of GDP in 2017 respectively, in the 1970s. With the initiation of government policies such as Make in India, Smart Cities Mission and Housing for All, the trend is expected to continue. The research analysis aimed to examine the macroeconomic consequences of India's low carbon growth pathways. The authors used a novel technique of converging bottom-up and top-down models. By implementing this methodology, this study adds significantly to the current literature on Indian pathways.
India’s energy demand is expected to grow exponentially following rapid urbanization, industrialization, and the rising purchasing power of the population. By mid-century, India is projected to be among the world’s largest in national energy consumption. The authors analyse in this paper that keeping investment constant, decarbonization leads to economic growth. They have also found that decarbonization leaves a positive impact on India’s foreign debt due to reduced energy trade deficit. This reflects the balance of mitigation costs and energy savings.
Moving towards sustainable development of economy, low carbon emission approach is compatible with the Indian economic growth. About ¾ of the Indian electricity production depends on coal. So, achieving a sustainable target of low carbon emission will leave a great impact on the economic activity of India.
The authors have analysed multiple scenarios at different levels of global increases in temperature (in degree Celsius) and compared with business as usual. The 2-degree Celsius pathway proved more compatible for climate-resilient and with almost 6% yearly economic growth as compared to business as usual. It can be accomplished at the cost of reduced household consumption with a significant positive impact on foreign debt accumulation.
The large deficit of trade balance in India is due to the high import of fossil fuel. Adoption of low carbon pathway can improve that situation. Moving away from fossil fuel-based energy especially from oil imports would also result in saving the foreign exchange to about $ 1 trillion from 2012 to 2050.
Low carbon pathway will raise the share of the energy sector in GDP by structural change. Government of India has implemented several policies for better control and promotion of transport such as National Urban Transport Policy, National Mission on Sustainable Habitat Mission, National Electric Mobility 2020 and National Biofuel policy. Transitions in transport sector such as increase in non-motorized transportation, share of rail transport, deployment of electric vehicle technologies and biofuel blending will reduce the dependence on fossil fuel. This will lead the Indian economy towards self-sufficiency.
Research that applies both traditional analytical methods and simulation models to real-world transportation and logistics problems.
Teaching through courses, workshops and case studies. Our students gain the skills and understanding that prepares them to meet the future’s transportation and logistics challenges
Outreach that links academic researchers to Indian and global companies as well as to policy-makers
Director, US DOT Center on Data-Supported Transportation Operations and Planning (D-STOP)
University Distinguished Teaching Professor
Joe J. King Chair in Engineering
Department of Civil, Architectural and Environmental Engineering
Department of Economics (Courtesy Appointment)
The University of Texas at Austin
Professor and Chair
Department of Urban Planning and Spatial Analysis
Sol Price School of Public Policy
University of Southern California
Professor of Mechanical Engineering, University of Cambridge
Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering.
Director, The Cambridge Vehicle Dynamics Consortium
Director, the Centre for Sustainable Road Freight
Managing Director, Granta Design Limited
Fellow of Queens' College Cambridge
Professor and Chair, School of City & Regional Planning
Director, Center for Spatial Planning Analytics and Visualization
Georgia Institute of Technology
Director, the Centre for Sustainable Road Freight
Managing Director, Granta Design Limited
Fellow of Queens' College Cambridge
Professor of Logistics and Operations Management
Department of Technology and Operations Management
Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Area Leader & Professor, Operations Management
Deputy Dean, Academic Affairs
Research Director, PLIIM
Indian School of Business
MoUD Chair Professor,
Transportation Research and Injury Prevention Programme, and
Department of Civil Engineering,
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Professor of Freight Transport & Logistics
Director of Education Department of Industrial Engineering & Innovation Sciences
Graduate Program Director, Department of Industrial Engineering & Innovation Sciences
Program Chair Bachelor Program Industrial Engineering
Director European Supply Chain Forum
Department of Industrial Engineering & Innovation SciencesEindhoven University of Technology
|Avi Dutt||Associate Vice President|
|Pooja Shrivastava||Research Associate|
|Muskan Verma||Research Associate|
|Shrija Banerjee||Research Associate|
|Angshuman Pal||Research Associate|
|Niranjana Unnithan||Research Associate|
|Jency Jose||Centre Secretary|
21/04/2023, 04:00 PM