Faculty & Research

Centre for Management in Agriculture


To facilitate cutting-edge research in applied, policy and research issues related to the management of agriculture including food, agribusiness, the rural and allied sector for stakeholders across the public, private, voluntary and cooperative domain.


Since its inception, the management of the agri-food sector has been a key thrust area for IIMA. To forward this vision, a small group called the Agco Group was set up in 1963 to address the challenges faced by the agricultural sector and cooperatives. The Agco Group was re-designed into the Centre for Management in Agriculture (CMA) in 1971. The goal of CMA has been to aid in the process of modernization of the agri-food sector by using concepts of management science.

In the initial years, the focus of research was in understanding the roles played by public and cooperative organizations in the areas of block development administration, cooperatives, rural development and the high-yielding varieties programme. Over time, the research activity of the Centre has expanded to study the problems and growth possibilities of organizations supplying inputs and services to the agri-food sector as well as for procurement, processing, and marketing of farm and allied produce. Given that the Indian food and agribusiness sector is facing numerous challenges due to globalization, the rapid pace of technological change like biotechnology and GMOs, the changing business environment and the rapidly evolving role of government, CMA has carried out research in these areas to address some of the issues in the recent past.

List Of Courses

The CMA faculty are involved in teaching in several Post Graduate and Doctoral level Programmes; these include the Post Graduate Programme in Food & Agribusiness Management (PGP-FABM) and doctoral level Fellow Programme in Management with specialization in Food & Agribusiness. The Centre also conducts short duration Executive Education Programmes (EEPs) in the areas of agricultural input marketing, contract farming and rural marketing for industry leaders and managers, policy planners and other stakeholders in the food and agribusiness sector.


  • Agro-food Value Chain Management and Development (AVCMD)
  • Agricultural Management (AM-I)
  • Agricultural Management II (AM-II)
  • Agricultural Development Policy (ADP)
  • Foundations of New Institutional Economics (FA-NIE)
  • Applied Microeconomics for Food and Agribusiness (MFA)
  • Development Economics: Micro Foundations
  • Agricultural Risks and Risk Management Strategies (ARRMS)
  • Principles of Impact Evaluation (PIE)
  • Shodh Yatra (SY)
  • CINE: Understanding Creativity, Innovation, Knowledge Networks And Entrepreneurship
  • Managing Development Projects (MDP)
  • Managing International Trade (MIT)
  • Rural Social and Institutional Environment (RuSIE)
  • Value Chain Management - Applications in Agribusiness (VCM)
  • Marketing of Agricultural Inputs (MAI)
  • Agricultural & Food Policy (AFP)
  • Strategic Food Marketing (SFM)
  • Management of Agribusiness Projects (MABP)
  • Agricultural Finance (AF)
  • Agribusiness Entrepreneurship (AbE)
  • Agribusiness Leadership (AbL)
  • Agricultural Futures and Options Markets (AFOM)
  • Shodh Yatra (SY)
  • International Agri-Food Trade (IAFT)
  • CINE: Understanding Creativity, Innovation, Knowledge, Networks and Entrepreneurship (CINE)
  • Sales and Distribution Management for Agriculture (SDMA)
  • Hi-tech Innovations and Shared Value Creation in Agriculture (HIA)
  • Agricultural Markets & Pricing (AMP)
  • Food Systems Approach to Indian Agribusinesses (FSA)
  • Agri Business Strategy
  • Shodh Yatra (SY)
  • CINE: Understanding Creativity, Innovation, Knowledge Networks and Entrepreneurship
  • CINE: Connecting Communities and Corporations for Frugal Innovations
  • Rural Marketing
  • CINE e-PGP: Creativity, Innovation, Knowledge Networks and Entrepreneurship

Food and Agribusiness

  • Land Tenure Risk Management (LTRM) for Sustainable Investment
  • Agricultural Input Marketing

Message from the Area Chairperson

The Centre for Management in Agriculture is an interdisciplinary group engaged in both teaching and research. As teachers, they impart the skills and knowledge needed for effective decision-making. As researchers, they are concerned not only with current and future issues facing the food and agribusiness sector but also the use of natural resources and sustainability. The Union Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare often turns to the CMA for research oriented to problem-solving in specific situations or for provides policy analysis and advice.

Latest Research Productivity

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Ground truthing the cost of achieving the EAT lancet recommended diets: Evidence from rural India

Soumya Gupta, Vidya Vemireddy, Dhiraj K. Singh, and Prabhu Pingali

Global Food Security

In this paper, we quantify the divergence in the cost of current diets as compared to EAT Lancet recommendations at the subnational-level in India. We use primary data on food prices and household food purchases, and secondary data on food expenditures for a period of 12 months in 2018–19. The cost of the EAT Lancet dietary recommendations for rural India ranges between $3.00- $5.00 per person per day. In contrast, actual dietary intake at present is valued at around $1.00 per person per day. In order to get to the EAT Lancet recommendations individuals will have to spend nearly $1.00 per person per day more on each of meat fish poultry, dairy foods and fruits. The deficit in current diets relative to recommendations is marked by seasonal variations driven by volatility in the underlying food prices. This paper extends the evidence base for the affordability of the EAT Lancet diet to a subnational-level in India, using the most recent data on prices and expenditures, over time. We highlight the need for tracking rural markets at the subnational level, over time for their nutritional quality and ability to provide affordable, nutritious diets to the poor. Crop diversification, investments in rural infrastructure and well-functioning markets can move rural India towards more nutrition sensitive food environments.

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A systematic review of labor-saving technologies: Implications for women in agriculture

Vidya Vemireddy and Anjali Choudhary

Global Food Security

In this study, we systematically review the literature on adoption factors and impacts of labor-saving technologies (LSTs) by smallholder and women farmers in developing countries. 85 articles are included in the review after meeting strict selection criteria through a search across several electronic platforms. We highlight several research gaps that need future research focus. Future research should include gendered differences in factors such as – comparing extension models, social networks, and farmers' underlying technological perceptions. We show the need for designing and providing access to gender-friendly LSTs suited to the context. While there are clear impacts of LST adoption on labor and productivity, few studies examine negative consequences such as labor-displacement. Further examination of these trade-offs and differential impacts on welfare dimensions across gender is needed. Our results indicate implications for future research and policy regarding incorporating gender differences in designing, promotion, and adoption of LSTs to reduce womnen's work burdens and to enhance welfare outcomes.

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Seasonal time trade-offs and nutrition outcomes for women in agriculture: Evidence from rural India

Vidya Vemireddy and Prabhu L Pingali

Food Policy

Women in agriculture are involved in agricultural activities and are solely responsible for household-level unpaid work. They face severe time trade-offs between agricultural and household activities across crop seasons. Recent literature suggests that these time trade-offs may negatively impact their nutrition. However, there is no quantitative evidence exploring this relationship within an agricultural context. This paper addresses this research gap by analyzing the relationship between women’s time trade-offs and their nutritional outcomes. Using a unique ten-month primary panel data of 960 women from India, our findings show that women are severely time-constrained, as they contribute significantly to agricultural as well as domestic work. Our results show that during peak seasons relative to lean seasons, women’s time trade-offs (rising opportunity cost of time) are negatively associated with the intake of calories, proteins, iron,zinc and Vitamin A. We show that this negative relationship is manifested severely among women who are landless and cultivate paddy alone (food crop) or paddy and cotton (mixed crop). This study highlights the gendered role of agricultural activities in rural households and the need to recognize time as a scarce resource when implementing policies and programs involving women in agriculture. We contribute to the literature of agriculture-nutrition linkages by examining the the time use pathway in detail. Besides providing novel metrics, we discuss several policy implications to reduce women’s time constraints and enhance their nutrition.

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Oliver Williamson: The man who reduced the transaction cost of economics

Ranjan Ghosh and Yugank Goyal

Economic and Political Weekly

On 21 May 2020, one of the most cited economists of all time and a key contributor to organisational studies, Oliver E Williamson passed away. His intellectual apparatus of transaction cost economics is a powerful tool to explain a range of real-life phenomena across a variety of disciplines with impeccable practical implications.

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Doctoral Students

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Ph.D. at IIMA

The Ph.D. Programme in Management seeks candidates with outstanding academic credentials, intellectual curiosity and discipline needed to make scholarly contribution to society. It provides a diverse set of opportunities for interdisciplinary learning and research The student becomes part of one of the eleven functional/sectoral areas and acquires the super specialized theoretical knowledge and practical aspects of the area.

Ongoing Research Projects


Sr. No Project Name Faculty Co-ordinator
1 Assessing the Impact of the e-NAM Initiative Linking APMC Markets: Evidence from Villages Prof. Hari K. Nagarajan

Journal Articles

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Research Seminar Series

  • March 5, 2021: Antecedents of Shift towards Millets among Urban Consumers in India by Suruchi Singh
  • January 29, 2021: Do Producer Companies Help Remediate Institutional Voids in the Agricultural Product Market? Evidence from Telangana, India by Jannet John
  • November 10, 2020: Global versus Local Brand Preference Formation in Food Products by Rupali Singh
  • October 8, 2020: Utilising a Theory of Change framework to Understand the Determinants and Impacts of Participation in Agricultural Value Chains by Women by Disha Bose
  • August 13, 2020: Collective Action and Policy Intervention in the Uptake of Planned Climate Change Adaptation by Anar Bhatt
  • October 11, 2021: Stakeholder Perception and Viability of Traceability in the Food Sector in India by Anam Chaudhary
  • December 6, 2021: The Effect of Marketing Channels on Market Integration: A Spatial Price Analysis in Context of APMC Reforms by Nikita Gupta

Conferences & Workshops

  • The National Conference on Agro-Economic Policy & Research 2019, January 10-11, 2019
  • National Conference on Agro-Economic Research, January 30-31, 2018
  • Improving Water Use & its Efficiency in India’s Agriculture: The Impact of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)- Per Drop More Crop, September 25, 2019

Consulting & Policy Engagement

CMA provides consultancy services to public, private, cooperative, voluntary and international organizations. The CMA faculty has been engaged in policy planning and implementation at national and State levels. Some faculty members are on the boards of public, private, cooperative and other developmental organizations and are members of various committees/task forces/working groups constituted by the erstwhile planning commission (NITI Aayog) and various ministries of the Government of India. Furthermore, CMA has provided help in institution building and played a key role in setting up national level institutes like Indian Institute of Forest Management, National Institute of Agricultural Marketing, and National Institute of Cooperative Management.

Directorate of Economics and Statistics (DES)

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Agro-Economic Policy Briefs

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Agro-Economic Alerts

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Centre for Management in Agriculture